A Healthy Food Priority Area in Baltimore City is an area where:  1) The average Healthy Food Availability Index score for all food stores is low, 2) The median household income is at or below 185% of the Federal Poverty Level, 3) Over 30% of households have no vehicle available, and 4) The distance to a supermarket is more than a quarter mile. In the past, these areas have been referred to as “food deserts.” Conversations with Baltimore City community groups, residents and national leaders revealed that the term “food desert” was often met with critique or disapproval. For some, the term has negative connotations and it implies that low healthy food access is a naturally occurring phenomenon, rather than the result of underlying structural inequities. For others, it connotes a pejorative status when some of these areas are home to vibrant communities with passionate and resilient residents and programs on the ground. In addition, there may be many food outlets available, but healthy foods may be hard to find. The terminology was changed to better characterize what is being measured, recognizing that there is a suite of structural elements shaping Baltimore’s food system. Of the approximately 621,000 people living in Baltimore City, 23.5% live in areas identified as Healthy Food Priority Areas. Children are the most likely of any age group to live in a Priority Area (28.3%). Black residents are the most likely of any racial or ethnic group to live in a Priority Area (31.5%). In comparison, only 8.9% of white residents live in Priority Areas. Data source: Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future; City of Baltimore; United States Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2011 – 2015 5-year estimates Date: 2018

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    {"value"=>"Healthy Food Priority Area", "count"=>84} ()

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